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the_midlands: A map of the UK, with te Midlands highlighted in a rich blue (The Midlands)

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Created on 2009-05-02 02:05:29 (#195440), last updated 2009-05-02 (442 weeks ago)

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Name:The Midlands
Location:United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Posting Access:All Members
Community description:For those inhabiting the Midlands
The Midlands is an area of England which broadly corresponds to the early-mediaeval Kingdom of Mercia. The area lies between Southern England, Northern England, East Anglia and Wales, and its largest city is Birmingham. It was an important location for the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

The name does not correspond to any current administrative area, and there is therefore no strict definition. However, it is generally considered to include the counties of Derbyshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire, the West Midlands and Worcestershire. The 2001 census included Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire in the Midlands, though East Anglia (the collective name for these counties) is not usually considered part of the Midlands. The population of the midlands is 13,884,100.

The greater part of the Midlands is covered by two administrative regions of England, West Midlands and East Midlands. However, even taken together, these regions do not fully cover the traditional Midlands, because:
  • Part of Northern Lincolnshire is now in the Yorkshire and the Humber region;
  • Peterborough (a unitary authority) is now included with Cambridgeshire in the East of England region;
  • Gloucestershire is now in the South West region;
  • Oxfordshire is now in the South East region;
  • Bedfordshire is now in the East of England region.
(cf. The 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which describes Gloucestershire as "west midland", Bedfordshire as "south midland", and Huntingdonshire as "east midland" counties respectively.)

The largest Midlands conurbation, which includes the cities of Birmingham and Wolverhampton, is approximately covered by a metropolitan county (which also includes the city of Coventry), also called the West Midlands. Thus, there are two West Midlands, a Region and a (smaller) County.

Parts of the East Midlands are also densely populated, particularly the triangle formed by the cities of Leicester, Nottingham and Derby, which also includes sizeable towns such as Loughborough and the Long Eaton–Beeston–Stapleford subconurbation.

The South Midlands is an area identified by the government for regional development purposes, consisting of Northamptonshire and Bedfordshire with northern Buckinghamshire (what is now the Milton Keynes unitary authority). Bedfordshire and particularly Buckinghamshire are not usually considered part of the Midlands and are in the administrative regions of the East of England and the South East respectively, a further illustration of the fluidity of the perceived boundaries of the Midlands. Banbury in north Oxfordshire is often considered as the southern extremity of the English Midlands as it is relatively industrialised and many locals harbour an accent which is discernibly non-Southern. The town also has strong links with the Birmingham–Coventry industrial zone to the north.

Interests (92):

alcester, alfreton, ashbourne, ashby de la zouch, atherstone, banbury, bedworth, birmingham, boston, bridgnorth, bromsgrove, brownhills, burton upon trent, buxton, cannock, chesterfield, coalville, corby, coventry, derby, derbyshire, droitwich, dudley, gainsborough, gloucester, gloucestershire, grantham, great malvern, halesowen, hereford, herefordshire, hinckley, kenilworth, kettering, kidderminster, leamington spa, leek, leicester, leicestershire, lichfield, lincoln, lincolnshire, loughborough, lutterworth, mansfield, market harborough, matlock, mercia, newark-on-trent, newcastle-under-lyme, northampton, northamptonshire, nottingham, nottinghamshire, nuneaton, oldbury, oswestry, redditch, rugby, rugeley, rushden, rutland, shrewsbury, shropshire, skegness, smethwick, solihull, stafford, staffordshire, stamford, stoke-on-trent, stone, stourbridge, stratford-on-avon, sutton coldfield, tamworth, telford, the west midlands, tipton, towcester, uttoxeter, walsall, warwick, warwickshire, wednesbury, wellingborough, west bromwich, whitchurch, wigston, wolverhampton, worcester, worcestershire
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